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Professor Sabu Padmadas, Advisor

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Sabu Padmadas is Professor of Demography and Global Health. He joined the University of Southampton in October 2002 after completing his doctoral and postdoctoral research at the Population Research Centre at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. Prior to that, he had been involved in the research on reproductive health indicators, an evaluation study for the strengthening of infrastructure in secondary-level hospitals in Kerala, taking account of the changing patterns of infectious, degenerative and re-emerging diseases, and on the quality of healthcare services and family planning programmes in India. 

PhD (Demography), University of Groningen, The Netherlands (2000)

MSc (Demography), University of Kerala, India (1994)

BSc (Mathematics, Statistics, Physics), University of Kerala, India (1992)

My primary research interests are in the field of demography, epidemiology and public health. Specific areas include: contraceptive dynamics, reproductive and child health, nutrition (women and children), population projections, life course epidemiology and population health policies.

Publications:

 

Article

Amoako Johnson, F., Frempong-Ainguah, F and Padmadas, S.S. (2015) Two decades of maternity care fee exemption policies in Ghana: have they benefited the poor? Health Policy and Planning (doi:10.1093/heapol/czv017).

Chikhungu, Lana Clara, Madise, Nyovani Janet and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2014) How important are community characteristics in influencing children׳s nutritional status? Evidence from Malawi population-based household and community surveys. Health & Place, 30, 187-195. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.09.006).

Zheng, N., Guo, Yangping, Padmadas, Sabu S., Wang, B. and Wu, Zhiwei (2014) The increase of sexually transmitted infections calls for simultaneous preventive intervention for more effectively containing HIV epidemics in China. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 121, supplement 5, 35-44. (doi:10.1111/1471-0528.12999). (PMID:25335839).

Lyons-Amos, Mark, Padmadas, Sabu S. and Durrant, Gabriele B. (2014) Contraceptive confidence and timing of first birth in Moldova: an event history analysis of retrospective data. BMJ Open, 4, (8), 1-8. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-004834).

Padmadas, Sabu S., Lyons-Amos, Mark and Thapa, Shyam (2014) Contraceptive behavior among women after abortion in Nepal. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 127, (2), 132-137. (doi:10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.05.012). (PMID:25047427).

Padmadas, Sabu S., Amoako Johnson, Fiifi, Leone, Tiziana and Dahal, Govinda P. (2014) Do mobile family planning clinics facilitate vasectomy use in Nepal? Contraception, 89, (6), 557-563. (doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2014.01.019). (PMID:24613368).

Maslovskaya, Olga, Brown, James J., Smith, Peter W.F. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2014) HIV awareness in China among women of reproductive age (1997–2005): a decomposition analysis. Journal of Biosocial Science, 46, (2), 178-198. (doi:10.1017/S0021932013000333). (PMID:23830139 ).

Oliveira, Isabel Tiago de., Dias, José G. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2014) Dominance of sterilization and alternative choices of contraception in India: an appraisal of the socioeconomic impact. PLoS ONE, 9, (1), e86654. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086654).

Padmadas, Sabu S. (2013) Will the revised NICE guidelines fuel population caesarean rates in Britain? Public Health , 127, (11), 1038-1040. (doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2013.08.017). (PMID:24220203).

Amoako Johnson, Fiifi, Padmadas, Sabu S. and Matthews, Zoë (2013) Are women deciding against home births in low and middle income countries? PLoS ONE, 8, (6), e65527. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065527).

Nutbeam, Don, Padmadas, Sabu S., Maslovskaya, Olga and Wu, Zhiwei (2013) A health promotion logic model to review progress in HIV prevention in China. Health Promotion International (doi:10.1093/heapro/dat037 ).

Leone, Tiziana, James, K.S. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2012) The burden of maternal health care expenditure in India: multilevel analysis of national data. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 1-9. (doi:10.1007/s10995-012-1174-9). (PMID:23114861).

Singh, Abhishek, Padmadas, Sabu S., Mishra, Udaya S., Pallikadavath, Saseendran, Johnson, Fiifi Amoako and Matthews, Zoe (2012) Socio-economic inequalities in the use of postnatal care in India. PLoS ONE, 7, (5), 1-9. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037037).

Amoako Johnson, Fiifi, Padmadas, Sabu S., Chandra, Hukum, Matthews, Zoe and Madise, Nyovani (2012) Estimating unmet need for contraception by district within Ghana: an application of small-area estimation techniques. Population Studies, 66, (2), 105-122. (doi:10.1080/00324728.2012.678585). (PMID:22553978).

Zavier, A.J. Francis and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2012) Postabortion contraceptive use and method continuation in India. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 118, (2012), 65-70. (doi:10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.02.013). (PMID:22516688).

Amoako Johnson, Fiifi, Chandra, Hukum, Brown, James and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2012) Small area estimation for policy development: a case study of child undernutrition in Ghana. Journal of the Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics, 66, (1), 171-186.

Channon, Andrew A.R., Padmadas, Sabu S. and McDonald, John W. (2011) Measuring birth weight in developing countries: does the method of reporting in retrospective surveys matter? Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15, (1), 12-18. (doi:10.1007/s10995-009-0553-3). (PMID:20063179).

Lyons-Amos, Mark J., Durrant, Gabriele B. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2011) Is traditional contraceptive use in moldova associated with poverty and isolation? Journal of Biosocial Science, 43, (3), 305-327. (doi:10.1017/S0021932010000775). (PMID:21303582).

Islam, M.A., Padmadas, S.S. and Smith, P.W.F. (2010) Consistency in reporting condom use between husbands and wives in Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science, 42, (2) (doi:10.1017/S0021932010000064).

Amoako Johnson, Fiifi, Padmadas, Sabu S. and Smith, Peter W.F. (2010) Orphanhood and vulnerability: a conduit to poor child health outcomes in Rwanda. AIDS Care, 22, (3), 314-323. (doi:10.1080/09540120903193682 ). (PMID:20390511).

Islam, M.A., Padmadas, S.S. and Smith, P.W.F. (2010) Understanding family planning communication between husbands and wives: a multilevel analysis of wives’ responses from the Bangladesh DHS. Genus (in press)

Amoako Johnson, F., Chandra, H., Brown, J.J. and Padmadas, S.S. (2010) District-level estimates of institutional births in Ghana: application of small area estimation technique using census and DHS data. Journal of Official Statistics, 26, (2), 341-359.

Brown, James J., Li, Bohua and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2010) A multilevel analysis of the effects of a reproductive health programme that encouraged informed choice of contraceptive method rather than use of officially preferred methods, China 2003-2005. Population Studies, 64, (2), 105-115. (doi:10.1080/00324728.2010.486866 ).

Maslovskaya, Olga, Brown, James J. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2009) Disentangling the complex association between female genital cutting and HIV among Kenyan women. Journal of Biosocial Science, 41, (6), 815-830. (doi:10.1017/S0021932009990150). (PMID:19607733).

Dahal, Govinda P., Amoako Johnson, Fiifi and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2009) Maternal smoking and acute respiratory infection symptoms among young children in Nepal: multilevel analysis. Journal of Biosocial Science, 41, (6), 747-761. (doi:10.1017/S0021932009990113).

Matthews, Zoe, Padmadas, Sabu, Hutter, Inge, McEachran, Juliet and Brown, James J. (2009) Does early childbearing and a sterilization-focused family planning programme in India fuel population growth? Demographic Research, 20, (28), 693-720. (doi:10.4054/DemRes.2009.20.28).

Amoako Johnson, F., Padmadas, S.S. and Brown, J.J. (2009) On the spatial inequalities of institutional versus home births in Ghana: a multilevel analysis. Journal of Community Health, 34, (1), 64-72. (doi:10.1007/s10900-008-9120-x).

Padmadas, Sabu S. (2008) Book review. W.C. Robinson, J.A. Ross (Eds), The Global Family Planning Revolution: Three Decades of Population Policies and Programs. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington DC, 2007, ISBN 978-0-8213-6951-7. Public Health, 122, (11), 1289-1289. (doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2008.05.005).

Leone, Tiziana, Padmadas, Sabu S. and Matthew, Zoë (2008) Community factors affecting rising Caesarean section rates in developing countries: an analysis of six countries. Social Science & Medicine, 67, (8), 1236-1246. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.06.032).

Dahal, Govinda P., Padmadas, Sabu S. and Hinde, P.R. Andrew (2008) Fertility limiting behavior and contraceptive choice among men in Nepal. International Family Planning Perspectives, 34, (1), 6-14. (doi:10.1363/3400608).

Leone, Tiziana and Padmadas, Sabu (2008) The proliferation of female sterilization in Brazil and India: a comparative analysis of the cohort and parity effects. Genus, LXIII, (3/4), 77-97.

Puri, Mahesh, Hortsman, Ronald, Matthews, Zoë, Falkingham, Jane, Padmadas, Sabu and Devkota, Sekhar (2008) Examining out-of-pocket expenditures on reproductive and sexual health among the urban population of Nepal. Population Review, 47, (2), 50-66. (doi:10.1353/prv.0.0006).

Sufang, G., Padmadas, S.S., Fengmin, Z., Brown, J.J. and Stones, R.W. (2007) Delivery settings and cesarean rates in China. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 85, (10), 755-762. (doi:10.2471/BLT.06.035808).

Sufang, Guo, Padmadas, Sabu S., Fengmin, Zhao, Brown, James J. and Stones, R. William (2007) Delivery settings and cesarean section rates in China. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 85, (10), 733-820.

Islam, Mohammad Amirul, Padmadas, Sabu S. and Smith, Peter W.F. (2006) Contraceptive awareness among men in Bangladesh. Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Healthcare, 32, (2), 100-103. (doi:10.1783/147118906776276422).

Islam, M.A., Padmadas, S.S. and Smith, P.W.F. (2006) Men's approval of family planning in Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science, 38, (2), 247-259. (doi:10.1017/S0021932004007072).

Mamun, A.A., Padmadas, S.S. and Khatun, M. (2006) Maternal health during pregnancy and perinatal mortality in Bangladesh: evidence from a large-scale community based clinical trial.

 

Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology

Stones, R.W., Padmadas, S.S., Sufang, G., Brown, J.J., Fengmin, Z. and Bohua Li, X. (2006) Dyspareunia, urinary sensory symptoms and incontinence among young Chinese women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35, (5), 561-567. (doi:10.1007/s10508-006-9070-2).

Padmadas, Sabu S. (2006) Book review of: From population control to reproductive health: Malthusian arithmetic by Mohan Rao. Population Studies, 60, (1), 116-118. (doi:10.1080/00324720500466034).

Padmadas, Sabu S., Stones, R.W. and Matthews, Zoë (2006) Dyspareunia and urinary sensory symptoms in India: population-based study. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 3, (1), 114-120. (doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2005.00103.x).

Padmadas, Sabu S., Dias, José G. and Willekens, Frans J. (2006) Disentangling women’s responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey: a latent class analysis. Public Health Nutrition, 9, (2), 204-211. (doi:10.1079/PHN2005842).

De Broe, Sofie, Hinde, Andrew, Matthews, Zoe and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2005) Diversity in family planning use among ethnic groups in Guatemala. Journal of Biosocial Science, 37, (3), 301-317. (doi:10.1017/S0021932004006650).

Padmadas, Sabu S., Hutter, Inge and Willekens, Frans (2004) Compression of women's reproductive spans in Andhra Pradesh, India. International Family Planning Perspectives, 30, (1), 12-19.

Padmadas, Sabu S. (2004) Book review. Sriya Iyer, Demography and Religion in India. European Journal of Population, 20, (1), 88-90. (doi:10.1023/B:EUJP.0000014622.13315.3c).

Padmadas, S.S. and Nair, P.S. (2002) Consanguineous unions and their effect on reproductive outcomes in India. Genus, 58, (2), 113-139.

Padmadas, Sabu S., Hutter, Inge and Willekens, Frans (2002) Weaning initiation patterns and subsequent linear growth progression among children aged 2-4 years in India. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, (4), 855-863. (doi:10.1093/ije/31.4.855).

Zavier, Francis and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2000) Use of a spacing method before sterilization among couples in Kerala, India. International Family Planning Perspectives, 1, (26), 29-35.

Padmadas, Sabu S., Kumar, Suresh S., Nair, Sajini B. and Kumari K.R., Anitha (2000) Caesarean section delivery in Kerala, India: Evidence from a national family health survey. Social Science and Medicine, 51, (4), 511-521. (doi:10.1016/S0277-9536(99)00491-8).

Padmadas, S.S., Francis Zavier, A.J. and Dilip, T.R. (1999) Age at menarche among Indian women: observations from NFHS, 1992-93. Journal of Family Welfare, 45, (2), 71-79.

Nair, Sajini B. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (1999) Fertility decline in India: a futuristic perspective. Journal of Health and Population in Developing Countries, 2, (2), 48-61.

Ramanathan, M., Dilip, T.R. and Padmadas, S.S. (1998) Gender dynamics in data collection on reproductive health: field experiences in Kerala, India. Medische Antropologie, 10, (1), 76-84.

Ramanathan, M., Dilip, T.R. and Padmadas, S.S. (1995) Quality of care in laproscopic sterilisation camps: observations from Kerala, India. Reproductive Health Matters, 3, (6), 84-93. (doi:10.1016/0968-8080(95)90162-0).

 

Book:

Padmadas, S.S. (2000) Intergenerational transmission of health: reproductive health of mother and child survival in Kerala, Rozenberg (Thela-Thesis) Publishers, Amsterdam

 

Book Section

Ramanathan, M., Dilip, T.R. and Padmadas, S.S. (1998) Gender dynamics in data collection on reproductive health: field experiences in Kerala, India. In, Hardon, Anita (ed.) Beyond Rhetoric: Participatory Research on Reproductive Health. Amsterdam, NL, Het Spinhuis.

 

Conference or Workshop Item

Maslovskaya, Olga, Smith, Peter W.F. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2013) Measuring HIV knowledge in China: simple score and latent class variable approach. In, European Survey Research Association Conference, Ljubljana, SI, 15 - 19 Jul 2013.

 

Monograph

Islam, Sabina, Islam, Mohammad Amirul and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2011) High fertility regions in Bangladesh: A marriage cohort analysis. Southampton, GB, Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 16pp. (S3RI Applications and Policy Working Papers, A11/02).

Lyons-Amos, Mark, Durrant, Gabriele and Padmadas, Sabu (2011) Contraceptive confidence and timing of first birth in Moldova. (Submitted)

Lyons-Amos, Mark J., Durrant, Gabriele B. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2009) The correlates of natural method use in Moldova: is natural method use associated with poverty and isolation? Southampton, UK, Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 32pp. (S3RI Applications & Policy Working Papers, (A09/01) ). (Submitted)

Maslovskaya, Olga, Brown, James J. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2008) An investigation into the relationship between female genital cutting and HIV among Kenyan women: a multilevel analysis. Southampton, UK, Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 20pp. (S3RI Applications & Policy Working Papers, (A08/04) ). (Submitted)

Lyons-Amos, Mark J., Durrant, Gabriele B. and Padmadas, Sabu S. (2008) The correlates of natural method use in Moldova; are natural methods associated with poverty and isolation? USA, Studies in Family Planning (Reproductive Health Abstracts). (Submitted)

Bohua, Li, Jiuling, Wu, Fengmin, Zhao, Jianan, Qi, Shaodong, Ye, Wenli, Gao, Qi, Wu, Shujuan, Zhou, Xiaobo, Tian, Padmadas, Sabu S. and Brown, James L. (2006) UNFPA/CHINA Quality of care in reproductive health/family planning project.

Southampton, UK, China Population & Development Research Centre, National Centre for Women and Children Health, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, and Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 59pp. (Fifth Country Programe, Quantitative Evaluation Report, 2003-05: Key Findings).

Diamond, Ian, Brown, James, Padmadas, Sabu, Barnett, Sarah, Matthews, Zoe, Baochang, Gu, Bohua, Li, Hongyan, Liu, Zhenwu, Zhai and Zhenzhen, Zheng (2004) China / UNFPA Reproductive Health / Family Planning CPR/98/P01. End of project - Women Survey Report: key findings. China; UK, China Population and Development Research Centre; Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 77pp.

Padmadas, Sabu S., Hutted, Inge and Willekens, Frans (2004) On the Compression of Reproductive Spans: the case of Andhra Pradesh in India. Southampton, UK, Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 32pp. (S3RI Applications and Policy Working Papers, (A04/02) ).

Padmadas, Sabu S., Dias, José G. and Willekens, Frans (2003) Understanding Dietary Intake Behavior of Women in India: A Latent Class Approach. Southampton, UK, Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 32pp. (S3RI Applications and Policy Working Papers, (A03/15) ).